Multicriteria Analysis

The methodology implemented in this project was coordinated between several participants and validated by the group of observers.

The great challenge of the working group was to choose a methodology that allows the support to the decision making on issues concerning mitigation of corruption risks and the creation of a dynamic and transparent management.

Assuming the impossibility of achieving the optimal solution, we adopted an approach of multicriteria analysis, that allowed to guide the decision making due to the coexistence of multi-objectives and diverse opinions among the deciding the group, which included the validation of the group of Observers.

The implementation of the decisions taken and the subsequent creation of this virtual and interactive guide that provides reference information on the fight against corruption, as well as a practical tool for measuring the level of risk exposure and measures of best management practices of corruption risks, was based on a process developed between different sessions of problem structuring and evaluation of it:

Structuring – Deconstruction and thorough understanding of the problem.

  • General perception of the problem and the adoption of an approach to the subject:
  1. Theoretical part: setting goals and message of the project, gathering information on each partner, and selection of the bibliography that supports the project;
  2. Practical: segmentation of implementation measures according to their scope and objectives that are achieved; adoption of a typology that includes diagnostic measures, guidance, intervention and monitoring, which are interconnected through a process of continuous improvement of management and assurance of transparent and anti-corruption practices.

For each type of measures there were organized several working groups between the project partners, each of them having a spokesperson responsible for the tasks associated to measures to select, characterize and present.

  • Legal and theoretical corruption’s framework:
  1. Description of the key concepts related to corruption and its control
  2. Survey and analysis of national and international legislation.
  • Construction of a questionnaire to assess the risks of corruption to which an entity is exposed, based on the identification of several key parameters on the activity of the organization, its environment and its trading partners. These parameters create quantitative variables that are included in the calculation of the exposure to corruption risks and indexing criteria of recommendations of the measures to prevent corruption available on the interactive virtual simulator, on the website. Thus, there were defined questions regarding the size of the organization, origin of their capital, countries where the entity does business [1], the entities activity sector [2], whether or not it is related to public administration, intermediate and business partners (see questionnaire).
  • Definition of preventive measures to support effective management of organizations in the fight against corruption and promoting transparency and description of its concept, purpose, suggestions and examples of good practice.
  •  Criteria for weighting the importance of the variables to quantify the level of risk exposure and corresponding indexing recommendations on measures for preventing corruption and promoting transparency.
  • Schedule for all activities, allocation of respective responsibilities and moments for interaction.